In the past adding an s may have seemed very clumsy. The Smith's (with an apostrophe before the s) is the possessive of "Smith" and indicates one person ownership. Names are pluralized like regular words. For example, if we have own mother who has a baby, the rule of having an apostrophe before the s works: The mother has a baby; It is a mother’s baby; However, what happens if multiple mothers have babies? Kalli. But what if the name is Sanchez or Church or Williams? When you’re talking about one thing that multiple people own together, only the final name gets an apostrophe + s: Ben & Jerry’s ice cream is delicious. On a return address is using an apostrophe on a last name: The Smiths is plural for "Smith" and means there is more than one person named Smith and the invitation is from them all. Why? There’s an exception that doesn’t follow the rule for names and other proper names ending with y. Apostrophe rules can be broken into four main categories. Example 1: Sam and Mary Johnson live in a large house with their two daughters Rachel and Jenna Johnson; the Johnsons’ large house is near here. Diogenes’s philosophy . … (a person’s last name). Because all the Smarts (presumably) own the boat, you add the apostrophe after the "s." If the family's last name ends in "s," make it plural before adding an apostrophe. Never put the apostrophe before or after the ‘s’. If we can trust Punxsutawney Phil, the end of these sub-zero temperatures should be near…but in case a groundhog isn’t your first choice for meteorological – or grammatical – advice, let’s cover the basics with examples inspired by fellow grammar-guru Kathleen Watson . In MLA style, proper nouns ending in s that are singular follow the general rule and add ’s : Athens’s history. While the above rules work for when a single person owns something, it doesn’t work when there are many people. The bike that belongs to your friend. However, for names you do put the apostrophe-s. The possessive apostrophe. If you are pluralizing the family name to indicate multiple individual members, no apostrophe is used. When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). Some styles may allow you to add only an apostrophe: Athens’ history, Diogenes’ philosophy, Dumas’ novels. Put the apostrophe after the last letter (the “s,” in this case): the Parkers’ new terrier. It depends on the meaning that Zissman intended. We are talking about one friend (a singular noun) and his or her bike. For most nouns you just need to add an apostrophe and an s to show that something belongs to a person or thing. … Sometimes, “apostrophe confusion” is more apparent than reading weather reports during an extreme cold snap. If you’re talking about something that belongs to him, always add apostrophe “s.” For example, … Apostrophes after the letter S. Rule 1: When a plural noun ends in s, place an apostrophe after the s to show possession. Dog is a singular noun so we just put … Personal names are a case in point, as people tend to have possessions and possessions generally demand apostrophes. Rule: To show the plural of a name that ends in s, ch, or z, add es. What you only need to do is to add apostrophes in plurals such as … Other examples: “the people’s choice,” … The … Apostrophes are correctly used in names only to show the possessive ( or genitive) case, for example Russ's car is here; or This is the Joneses' house. For other nouns, you'd put just an apostrophe at the end, so if you had a bunch of cats and they had beds, you say that those are the cats' beds, or if your parents shared a car, you would say it is your parents' car. This applies to last names as well. "If you must announce possession, place the apostrophe after the plural names — the Smiths', The Gumps' and The Joneses'." To make plurals of surnames, add the ending –es to those surnames which end with –s, for other surnames use the ending –s. We went to Ange’s house last night. Ange’s house means the house belongs to Ange. Some might say that you … Most nouns ending in s are pluralized by adding es. The biggest mistake that I see when writing an address on a card is the improper use of the apostrophe. The members of the Johnson and Smith families, for instance, are the Johnsons and the Smiths, not the Johnson’s and the Smith’s. Cassie Tuttle on January 19, 2011 5:55 pm If the last name seems awkward to say that way, … The apostrophe is used in English to indicate what is, for historical reasons, misleadingly called the possessive case in the English language. Also add only an apostrophe for proper names when the name is plural but the entity is singular: the United States’ policy on China. By the time you finish reviewing this quick guide, you’ll know when to use this … Read on to discover all the apostrophe rules you'll ever need to know! As someone with a surname ending in s, I usually add an apostrophe after the s to indicate possession. Plurals not ending in -s keep the -'s marker: children's toys, the men's toilet. What to Know. Notice that not every proper name uses an apostrophe. b. If you wanted to reference their dog, you'd say "the Williamses' dog." If you’re ever in a pickle about holiday card grammar, we can help. Alexandre Dumas’s novels. For example: Smiths’ car, Joneses’ home. I have looked at this for so long that neither is making sense right now. To indicate ownership, English language speakers learn when to add an … Do you put an apostrophe after a last name that ends in “s”? The apostrophe is especially important when you are writing about A's, I's, and U's because without the apostrophe readers could easily think you are writing the words “as,” “is,” and “us.” (That reminded me of what we talked about last week with single letters being referred to with the phrase “per se” when they were being used as a word instead of a letter, like “I, per se I” to mean the word “I.”) Any family name w ith “the” in front is going to end in “s,” so that’s where the apostrophe will always go: the Browns’ terrier, the Smiths’ porch, the Johnsons’ SUV, the Rodriguezes’ party, the Chans’ flat-screen TV. Apostrophes show possession. Learn where to insert apostrophes to make last names plural. One after another, I notice the same issues with use of apostrophes in last names. I don’t think that I’m revealing a big grammar secret by letting you know that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s (e.g., Smith’s, 2012, study). Note also how an … The Smiths' (with an apostrophe after the s) is plural possessive and … Maybe you know to write I met the Smiths, I drove Brenda Smith's Ferrari, and I visited the Smiths' house. Possessive apostrophe. Both of Gladys's sweater and Gladys' … The Biggest Mistake When Addressing a Card or Envelope . Forums Grammar & Sentence Structure 0 71,896 + 0. To shorten decades, replace the century with an apostrophe and add an ‘s’ at the end of the number. That is changing the spelling of “Andrews.” A … If it’s singular, whether a surname or first name, it should be apostrophe + “s.” I don’t care whether it’s James or John, Jones or Smith. Examples: The Sanchezes will be over soon. For example, the plural of Jones is Joneses, and the plural of Smith is Smiths. Ross and Rachel’s breakup divided fans. Ever. The logic is that all names should be treated the same. However, this was not universally accepted until the mid-19th century. Ange is a singular noun, the name of a person, so we just add an apostrophe S to the end of her name which becomes Ange’s. If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z," you can add either. If I’m talking about our family I would refer to The Hodges – perhaps not strictly correct but easier to say and write than Hodgeses! As for what to tack on, usually you only have to add an s to the end of their entire last name—even if the last letter is y. Comments . The biggest mistake in addressing a card is using an apostrophe in the last name of the recipient. For proper names, you add the apostrophe-s to the end. Classically, it is not correct to just add an apostrophe to a last name that already ends in “s” if it is singular possessive. Apostrophes for possession. A~~~~~Only when it’s plural-possessive. It can be tricky to address a plural family if their last name ends in an S, X, Z, CH, or SH. Gladys's sweater or Gladys' sweater. Please advise where the apostrophe "s" should be for name Gladys... i.e. But although this rule seems straightforward, one thing that trips up many writers is how to form possessives when the name being used ends with an s. For example, should you use “Adams’ (2013) work” or “Adams’s … Here's why. If you want to know more about using apostrophes with names, this page will guide you. Where is the dog’s bone? (The best flavor is chocolate chip cookie dough.) These rules mean you should write out any last name in full, whether it’s Williams or Garcia, and simply tack something onto the end—again, no apostrophe necessary. Confused? An apostrophe + “s” goes after a family name only if you’re forming a possessive. For example: the Smith family becomes the Smiths, the Angelo family becomes the Angelos, the Perry family becomes the … The members of the Edwards and Doss families are the Edwardses and the Dosses, … It's not right, and it doesn't. You're not trying to make your last name possessive, which is what adding an apostrophe does (the Smith's). As a rule of thumb, adding the s to the apostrophe is a good idea: for example, the chateaux’s imposing walls or Marx’s impressive beard. Mar 17 2006 23:58:03. anonymous; 1 2 3. (Are you Team Ross or Team Rachel?) Are you confused about how to show the plural and the possessive of certain names? eg Mary Hodges’ books. Instead, you're making your last name plural to indicate that the card is from all of your family … You are addressing the entire family (a plural), not something they possess. There’s still another way, probably the most elegant of them all. As in, “I went to see the Andersons last night. (Here, the singular proper noun “Johnson” has an s added at the end, so that it becomes the plural word “Johnsons” and … The solution was to use an apostrophe after the plural s (as in girls' dresses). The apostrophe after last names. Last names ending in s are no different. The Willies’ house was robbed last night. Usually, if the last name is ending with hard “z”, you will not add “-es” or “s”. The rule needs to change to … Making a last name plural should never involve an apostrophe. Only use an apostrophe with last names ending in ‘s’ when they show possession. When in doubt, we like to use "The Smith Family". Let’s look at these apostrophe rules with examples of each one in action. Because apostrophes are a punctuation mark designed to show possession—as in, when something belongs to something else, like a dog’s bone or a monkey’s banana. This is a good question, as this is something that even native english speakers often … Use an apostrophe after the s to indicate collective ownership. You cannot add an apostrophe before an “s” when the surname ends in “s.” For instance, do not make the name “Andrews” possessive by putting the apostrophe between the “w” and the “s” (Andrew’s). When you’re talking about multiple things, where each thing belongs to someone else, both names get an … One of my Twitter followers asked me about this story last week, so we’re going to talk about apostrophes, plural nouns, and brand names. Apostrophes on Singular Nouns. You can make the plural form simply by adding an s without change the y. Are we talking about a hypothetical, generic baker, an Everybaker who could use this toolkit? What do the rules of English grammar and punctuation say about Bakers Toolkit? Thank you so much! (correct) When two or more nouns possess the same thing, add an apostrophe plus -s to the last noun listed, as in: Ben and Jerry's Cherry Garcia ice cream; Emma and Nicole's school project (Emma and Nicole worked together on the same project.) Apostrophes don’t belong in your last name on a Christmas card. To show the possession, add an apostrophe after the plural form. However, style guides are now pointing in that direction, even ones in the US where ideas … Is that your friend’s bike? This case was … The first rule—the most important thing to remember when working with surnames—is DO NOT EVER change a person’s name. Add -es for names ending in "s" or "z" and add -s for everything else. If you want possessive of pluralized family name, you need to pluralize the first and simply make name possessive using the apostrophe. Apostrophes with Names Ending in s, ch, or z. No apostrophes for simple plural names or names ending in ... omitted in common expressions such as ”at arm’s length” and “at wits’ end.” Note that the position of the apostrophe before or after the S depends on whether the word is a plural form ending in S. You hold someone at the length of your arm (singular), but are at the end of your wits (plural). 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