NRL's Commanding Officer reports to the Navy's Chief of Naval Research (CNR). As of 2013[update], Vanguard I and its upper launch stage are still in orbit, making them the longest-lived man-made satellites. NRL's Galactic Radiation and Background I (GRAB I) was the first U.S. intelligence satellite, mapping out Soviet radar networks from space. As of 31 December 2015, across all NRL locations, NRL had 2540 civilian employees (i.e., not including civilian contractors). Research Wikipedia. Das Radio Research Laboratory war eine Ausgründung des Radiation Laboratory (Rad Lab) am MIT und wurde gegründet, um elektronische Maßnahmen gegen feindliche Radar- und Kommunikationsgeräte … [4], However, rapid expansion during the war had left NRL improperly structured to address long-term Navy requirements. [1] Clinical Medical laboratories are an example of applied science, as opposed to research laboratories that focus on basic science, such as found in some academic institutions. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. Medical Laboratory Departments in some countries are exclusively directed by a specialized Doctor laboratory Science. Specimens are prepared for analysis in various ways. [18] In 2018, the total global revenue for these companies was estimated to reach $146 billion by 2024. Laboratory Animal Research (LAR) was founded in 1985 as the official journal of The Korean Association for Laboratory Animal Science (KALAS). Most laboratories are characterized by controlled uniformity of conditions (constant temperature, humidity, cleanliness).Modern laboratories use a vast number of instruments and procedures to study, systematize, or quantify the objects of their attention. The word laboratory is also used for other places where the work done or equipment used are like those in scientific laboratories. For Authors . Holly Jordan, Air Force Research Laboratory Jan 19, 2021 . In the United States, billions of dollars is spent on unaccredited lab tests, such as Laboratory developed tests which do not require accreditation or FDA approval; about a billion USD a year is spent on US autoimmune LDTs alone. The same polymer films are used in Los Angeles-class submarine radomes to repel water and enable radar operation soon after surfacing. Since then, NRL is also the lead Navy center for research in Oceanographic and Atmospheric Sciences, with special strengths in physical oceanography, marine geosciences, ocean acoustics, marine meteorology, and remote oceanic and atmospheric sensing.[76]. [68], In addition, NRL operates several field sites and satellite facilities:[4][62][69]. Clinical laboratory services includes large multinational corporations such LabCorp, Quest Diagnostics, and Sonic Healthcare[17] but a significant portion of revenue, estimated at 60% in the United States, is generated by hospital labs. In other testing areas, only professional medical staff (pathologist or clinical Laboratory) is involved with interpretation and consulting. De Domääns ünner de Topplevel-Domään .pr warrt vun Gauss Research Laboratory Inc. vergeven, wat ok de Sponser vun de Domään is. Research institutes may specialize in basic research or may be oriented to applied research. [59] The NP-II pay band is equivalent to GS-5 Step 1 through GS-10 Step 10. A laboratory rat is a rat of the species Rattus norvegicus (brown rat) which is bred and kept for scientific research. 95 Issue 10 | Chemical & Engineering News", "The 2017 Market for Laboratory Equipment", "In Vitro Diagnostics Market Size, Share & Industry Analysis, By Product Type (Instruments, Reagents & Consumables), By Technique (Immunodiagnostics, Clinical Chemistry, Molecular Diagnostics, Point of Care, Hematology and Others), By Application (Infectious Diseases, Cardiology, Oncology, Gastroenterology, Others) By End User (Clinical Laboratories, Hospitals, Physicians Offices, Others) and Regional Forecast, 2019-2016", "Blood Transfusion Diagnostics Market Size, Share and Global Trend By Product Type (Instruments, Kits & Reagents), By Application (Blood Grouping, Disease Screening), By End User (Hospitals Diagnostics Laboratories, Blood Banks, Plasma Fraction Companies), And Geography Forecast Till 2026", "Blood Transfusion Diagnostics Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Product (Reagents & Kits, Instruments), By Application (Blood Grouping, Disease Screening), By End Use (Hospitals, Blood Banks) And Segment Forecasts, 2020 - 2027", "Rural Hospital Spokesman: Hospital Lab Outreach Programs Are Legal - The Dark Intelligence Group", "Technology Platform Shifts Shape Laboratory-Developed Testing Market", "How Smart Clinical Laboratories and Genetic Testing Labs Are Collecting More Revenue by Pricing Tests to Meet the Expectations of Patients | Dark Daily", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Medical_laboratory&oldid=999870127, Articles that may contain original research from May 2013, All articles that may contain original research, Articles needing additional references from May 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with limited geographic scope from May 2016, Pages in non-existent country centric categories, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Medical laboratory technician/clinical laboratory technician (MLT or CLT in US), This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 10:42. As of 31 December 2015, NRL had 1615 civilian scientists/engineers in the NP pay system, 103 civilian technicians in the NR pay system, 383 civilian administrative specialists/professionals in the NO pay system, and 238 civilian administrative support staff in the NC pay system.[2]. It conducts basic scientific research, applied research, technological development and prototyping. [3] NRL's Radar Division[39] continues important research & development contributing to US Navy and US Department of Defense capabilities. A thermal diffusion process was conceived and used to supply some of the U-235 isotope needed for one of the first atomic bombs. 2014 additions included the NRL Nanoscience Institute's 5,000 sq ft (460 m2) Class 100 nanofabrication cleanroom;[7][8] quiet and ultra-quiet measurement labs;[9] and the Laboratory for Autonomous Systems Research (LASR). Instead of direct funding from Congress, all costs, including overhead, are recovered through sponsor-funded research projects. The Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), managed and operated by the National Technology and Engineering Solutions of Sandia (a wholly owned subsidiary of Honeywell International), is one of three National Nuclear Security Administration research and development laboratories in the United States. Nuclear power research was initiated at NRL as early as 1939,[3] six years before the first atomic bomb, for the purpose of powering submarines. The laboratory mouse or lab mouse is a small mammal of the order Rodentia which is bred and used for scientific research.Laboratory mice are usually of the species Mus musculus.They are the most commonly used mammalian research model and are used for research in genetics, psychology, medicine and other scientific disciplines. Displayed here are job ads that match your query. Defence Food Research Laboratory . Weblenken. In this could be developed...all the technique of military and naval progression without any vast expense. ARTICLE AFRL’s Starfire Optical Range discovers asteroid satellite. The first attempt at reorganization vested power in an executive committee composed of all the division superintendents. ARTICLE AFRL, AFLCMC laboratory collaboration addresses pilot oxygen concerns . Deutsch 2 525 000+ Artikel. research laboratory: translation. Works: 9 works in 9 publications in 1 language and 12 library holdings Genres: Conference papers and proceedings Classifications: QR1, 576: Publication Timeline. NRL's Tactical Electronic Warfare (TEW) Division[40] is responsible for research and development in support of the Navy's tactical electronic warfare requirements and missions. The first modern U.S. radar was invented and developed at NRL in Washington, DC in 1922. G.P. Over the past 30 years, architects, engineers, facility managers, and researchers have refined the design of typical wet and dry labs to a very high level. Connaught Labs’ rich legacy of research, innovation and production of essential biological public health products began in 1914 and after over a century, continues today in Toronto at the Sanofi Pasteur Canada Connaught Campus. NRL established the Navy Center for Applied Research in Artificial Intelligence in 1981,[58] which conducts basic and applied research in artificial intelligence, cognitive science, autonomy, and human-centered computing. The laboratory industry is a part of the broader healthcare and health technology industry. Vanguard II was the first satellite to observe the Earth's cloud cover and therefore the first meteorological satellite. Page 1 of 464 jobs. [16] [23] Many of the companies sell capital equipment and supply consumables, and the devices are also used for industrial purposes such as food testing. [76], Edison then agreed to serve as the head of the Naval Consulting Board that consisted of civilians who had achieved expertise. It is involved in social media, interactive content, healthcare analytics and services research, multimedia analytics, and genomics. Laboratory - definition of laboratory by The Free Dictionary. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Courses in science-based degree programs include research components that can prepare individuals for careers as laboratory analysts. NRL scientists & engineers typically are in the (NP) pay group in NRL's Pay Band system. [28], Laboratory developed tests are designed and developed inside a specific laboratory and do not require FDA approval; due to technological innovations, they have become more common[29] and are estimated at a total value of $11 billion in 2016. A researcher with ties to China was recently escorted out of the National Microbiology Lab in Winnipeg amid an RCMP investigation into what’s being described as a possible "policy breach." This label has a barcode that can be scanned by automated analyzers and test requests uploaded to the analyzer from the LIS. Hospital laboratories are attached to a hospital, and perform tests on their patients. Credibility of medical laboratories is paramount to the health and safety of the patients relying on the testing services provided by these labs. It involves the collection, organization, and analysis of information to increase understanding of a topic or issue. The NRL gradually worked towards its goal of becoming a broadly based research facility. This committee was impracticably large, so in 1949, a civilian director of research was named and given full authority over the program. Dat is ene Lännerdomään (ccTLD). noun. Modern mechanical fracture mechanics were pioneered at NRL and were subsequently applied to solve fracture problems in Navy vessels, commercial aircraft and Polaris missiles. Couriers will pick up specimens that have been drawn throughout the day and deliver them to the lab. The first operational GPS satellite, Timation IV (NTS-II) was designed and constructed at NRL.[11]. The largest of these is Thermo Fisher Scientific. and M.D. there[54] and in Iraq and Colombia. b. (We think it's pretty neat.) [21] In general, laboratory equipment includes lab centrifuges, transfection solutions, water purification systems, extraction techniques, gas generators, concentrators and evaporators, fume hoods, incubators, biological safety cabinets, bioreactors and fermenters, microwave-assisted chemistry, lab washers, and shakers and stirrers. Sort by: relevance - date. The Dr. A. Q. Khan Research Laboratories, (Urdu: خان تجربہ گاہ و مراکز تحقیق ‎) or KRL for short, is a federally funded, multi-program national research institute and national laboratory site primarily dedicated to uranium enrichment, supercomputing and fluid mechanics. In Hong Kong, the accrediting body is Hong Kong Accreditation Service (HKAS). File; File history; File usage on Commons; File usage on other wikis; Metadata; Size of this preview: 800 × 460 pixels. Research themes. Its missions include, for example, Rampant Lion, which used sophisticated airborne instrumentation (gravimeters, magnetometers and hyperspectral cameras) to collect precise 3D topography of two-thirds of Aghanistan and locate natural resources (underground gas and mineral deposits, vegetation types, etc.) This includes the second, fifth and seventh American satellites in Earth orbit, the first solar-powered satellite, the first surveillance satellite, the first meteorological satellite and the first GPS satellite. [27] Rural hospitals, in particular, can bill for lab outreach under the Medicare's 70/30 shell rule. [5], Current areas of research at NRL include:[4], In 2014, the NRL was researching: armor for munitions in transport, high-powered lasers, remote explosives detection, spintronics, the dynamics of explosive gas mixtures, electromagnetic railgun technology, detection of hidden nuclear materials, graphene devices, high-power extremely high frequency (35–220 GHz) amplifiers, acoustic lensing, information-rich orbital coastline mapping, arctic weather forecasting, global aerosol analysis & prediction, high-density plasmas, millisecond pulsars, broadband laser data links, virtual mission operation centers, battery technology, photonic crystals, carbon nanotube electronics, electronic sensors, mechanical nano-resonators, solid-state chemical sensors, organic opto-electronics, neural-electronic interfaces and self-assembling nanostructures. [19] Another estimate places the market size at $205 billion, reaching $333 billion by 2023. English 6 231 000+ articles. Simula Research Laboratory (also known as Simula) is a Norwegian non-profit research organisation located at Fornebu, Bærum just outside Oslo, Norway.. Simula was founded in 2001 by the Norwegian government to conduct fundamental, long-term research within information and communication technology (ICT). Learn more about the Lab. Laboratory, Place where scientific research and development is conducted and analyses performed, in contrast with the field or factory. Gauss Research Laboratory Inc. Sponser Gauss Research Laboratory Inc. För Puerto Rico: Websteed.pr is de Topplevel-Domään (TLD) för dat Land Puerto Rico. The NP-III pay band is equivalent to GS-11 Step 1 through GS-13 Step 10. In the United Arab Emirates, the Dubai Accreditation Department (DAC) is the accreditation body that is internationally recognised[15] by the International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC) for many facilities and groups, including Medical Laboratories, Testing and Calibration Laboratories, and Inspection Bodies. The United States Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) is the corporate research laboratory for the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps. They produced communications equipment, direction-finding devices, sonar sets, and the first practical radar equipment built in the United States. The Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR) is a United States organization which develops and shares information and guidelines about animal testing and care of laboratory animals. Others may have a PhD and can have an exit qualification equivalent to medical staff (e.g., FRCPath in the UK). [2], The laboratory also hosts post-doctoral researchers and was voted #15 in the Best Places to Work PostDocs 2013 survey. The board brought forward a plan to create a modern facility for the Navy. The laboratory's specialties include plasma physics, space physics, materials science, and tactical electronic warfare. In considering why research is important it is reasonable to consider the benefits of that research to different healthcare stakeholders. dic.academic.ru RU. [61], The four research directorates within NRL are:[62], In April 2001, in a departure from traditional working relationships between NRL scientists, the Institute for Nanoscience was established to conduct multidisciplinary research in the fields of materials, electronics and biology. [21] In 2016, global life sciences instrumentation sales were around $47 billion, not including consumables, software, and services. Organisations that provide blood products for transfusion to hospitals, such as The Red Cross, will provide access to their reference laboratory for their customers. Krueger, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001. NRL is responsible for the identification, friend or foe (IFF) system and a number of other advances. Prior to the success of surveillance satellites, the iconic parabolic antenna atop NRL's main headquarters in Washington, D.C. was part of Communication Moon Relay, a project that utilized signals bounced off the Moon both for long-distance communications research and surveillance of internal Soviet transmissions during the Cold War. If the specimen needs to go on more than one analyzer, it can be divided into separate tubes. NRL's GaAs inventions were licensed by Rockwell, Westinghouse, Texas Instruments and Hughes Research. Antonyms for laboratory research. 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